Major Gynecologic Surgeries

Total abdominal hysterectomy

Description:

Total Abdominal Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the uterus and cervix through an incision in the lower abdomen.

Indications:serg1

  • Gynecologic cancer
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine prolapse
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Chronic pelvic pain

 

Total vaginal hysterectomy

Description:

Vaginal hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the uterus through the vagina

Indications:serg2

  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Gynecologic cancer
  • Uterine prolapse.
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding.
  • Chronic pelvic pain.

 

Total laparoscopic hysterectomy

Description

Is the removal of the uterus and cervix through four small (1/2’- 1’) abdominal

incisions. Removal of the ovaries and tubes depends on the patient.

Indicationserg3

  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Infection in the ovaries or tubes
  • Pelvic pain
  • Overgrowth of tissue in the lining of the uterus
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding

 

Oophorectomy

Description:

Oophorectomy (is a surgical procedure to remove one or both of your ovaries.

Indication:serg4

  • A tubo-ovarian abscess
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Endometriosis
  • Noncancerous (benign) ovarian tumors or cysts
  • Reducing the risk of ovarian cancer or breast cancer in women at increased risk
  • Ovarian torsion — the twisting of an ovary

 

Salpingo oophorectomy

Description:

Salpingo-oophorectomy is the removal of the fallopian tube (salpingectomy) and ovary (oophorectomy).

Indications

  • Elective: Removal of normal appearing ovaries and tubes at the time of a concurrent surgery, commonly a hysterectomyfor benign disease, to decrease the risk of development of ovarian pathology, and decrease the need for future procedures
  • Malignancy: Ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, or metastases to ovaries from a distant primary malignancy (gastrointestinal, breast, lung carcinoma)
  • Risk reducing: Removal of ovaries and tubes in women genetically susceptible to ovarian cancer
  • Benign adnexal mass
  • Adnexal torsion
  • Tubo ovarian abscess
  • Ectopic pregnancy

 

Ovarian cystectomy

Description:

Ovarian cystectomy is performed in those benign conditions of the ovary in which a cyst can be removed and when it is desirable to leave a functional ovary in place.

Indication:

  • Definitive diagnostic confirmation of an ovarian cyst
  • Removal of symptomatic cysts, and exclusion of ovarian cancer.
  • Cyst size larger than 7.6 cm, cysts that do not resolve after 2-3 mo of close observation, bilateral lesions, and ultrasound imaging findings that deviate from a simple functional cyst.

 

Salpingectomy

Description:

Salpingectomy refers to the surgical removal of a Fallopian tube

Indications:

  • Infected tube
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Sterilization